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Chrysothrix candelaris (L.) J.R.Laundon

Family :


J.R. Laundon, Lichenologist 13(2): 110 (1981)

Basionym: Byssus candelaris L. 1753

ID :


Thallus :

Crustose, leprose, unstratified or, in thick specimens, sometimes indistinctly stratified, indeterminate, thin, irregularly spreading, sometimes forming scattered granules, but usually ±continuous

Lobes :

Upper Side:

Bright yellow throughout, often with an orange or greenish tinge, composed of a mass of fine soredia, 12-30(-40) µm in diam.

Isidia :

Lower Side :

Medulla :

Usually not evident, in thick thalli sometimes indistinctly present, yellow

Ascomata: rare, up to 0.5 mm in diam., ±superficial disc: pale orange, often yellow-pruinose margin: thin, ecorticate, soon becoming excluded exciple: poorly developed, composed of anastomosing hyphae epihymenium: hyaline, up to 18 µm tall, composed of of a reticulate layer of richly branched paraphysoids hymenium: hyaline, up to 50 µm tall (including epihymenium); paraphysoides: 1-1.5 µm wide, richly intertwined in epihymenium; hypothecium: colorless, poorly developed 

Apothecia :

Asci: clavate, 8-spored ascospores: 9-14 x 3 µm

Ascospores :

K- or K+ orange, sometimes darkening to red-black, C-, KC-, P- or P+ orange; UV+ dull orange or UV- Secondary metabolites: calycin and/or pinastric acid

Chemistry :

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